Third Sunday of Easter (B)

We are celebrating the third Sunday of Easter, in today’s second reading St. John says that Jesus is the expiation for our sins and those of the whole world. First of all, what does that word expiation mean? The word refers to a sacrifice to atone or make up for sin. This might seem like a highly theological term, but we do this all the time. We just don’t call it atonement. For example, a husband or wife or a child is sorry for snapping at members of the family. He or she makes up for it with a little gift or a special meal or perhaps doing some chores that are not on part of his or her normal responsibilities. These are minor things, but they are acts of expiation, acts of making up.  The book of Leviticus presents a major act of atonement.  Moses’ brother Aaron is told to bring a goat into the sanctuary and place his hands over it, calling upon it the sins of the people. The goat is then sent into the wilderness[1].  The goat represents their sins. He is sacrificed by being brought out into the wilderness. The sacrifice is meant to make up for sins[2].

This is also a prophecy of Jesus’ gift of Himself to the Father for us. Jesus is also brought outside the temple area to die. He is the sacrificial victim who takes all sin upon himself.  His sacrifice makes us "at one" with God.

Many times we will say, “Give your sins to the Lord. Let Jesus have them.”  St. John is telling us that Jesus wants them.  He knows that we ourselves cannot make up or atone for the horrible actions of sin, but He knows that He can and will. Nor does He want us suffering the guilt of our sins. So we give our sins to Him and are made one with God by Him.

In today’s gospel, St. Luke presents Jesus appearing in the Upper Room and opening the minds of the disciples to understand the Scripture that Christ would suffer, die and rise again so that repentance for the forgiveness of sins might be preached to the whole world. This is Easter. Sin no longer will have a hold on us. Christ, the Victor over death is also the Victor over sin. The world needs to hear this from His disciples, from us. This brings us back to the second reading, Jesus is the expiation not for our sins only, but for the sins of the whole world. We are given the mandate to proclaim the good news that if we are united to Jesus, His sacrifice will unite each of us and all of us to God.

Some people think that the Lord saved them, but not other people.  They think that people of a certain class, with a certain disease, or who have committed this or that sin are excluded from the Lord’s salvation. So they categorize whole groups of people as damned, or, at least, as evil.   This is not the way of Christ. If we dare to look closely within ourselves, we would probably find  some form of prejudice in each of us. We have to fight against whatever prejudices we might have.  No group is better or worse than any other group. Jesus is our expiation for our sins and for those of the whole world. 

Today’s readings warn us not to be so arrogant as to think that we have done something that can’t be forgiven. Nor should we be so arrogant to think that others cannot be forgiven. God’s mercy is available for all. Jesus gives.  He forgives. And He calls us to follow Him! ▪



[1] Chapter 16.
[2] 3rd Sunday of Easter, April 19, 2015. Readings: Acts 3:13-15, 17-19; responsorial Psalm 4:2, 4, 7-8, 9;  1 John 2:1-5a; Luke 24:35-48

Y entonces uno se queda con la Iglesia, que me ofrece lo único que debe ofrecerme la Iglesia: el conocimiento de que ya estamos salvados –porque esa es la primera misión de la Iglesia, el anunciar la salvación gracias a Jesucristo- y el camino para alcanzar la alegría, pero sin exclusividades de buen pastor, a través de esa maravilla que es la confesión y los sacramentos. La Iglesia, sin partecitas.

laus deo virginique matris